States have opened up their national markets, through privatization and deregulation, to companies who play an increasingly prominent role in creating and delivering the public goods and services once considered the responsibility of state actors. 

For example, telecommunications companies establish basic infrastructure such as phone masts in hilly interior regions where landlines have previously been too difficult or too costly to reach. These companies can introduce a host of products and services often much faster than government agencies and, in turn, directly bring markets into being. It is in such situations that new forms of “post-political” governance are taking shape, that is, forms of governance in which states act in uneasy partnership with both corporations and NGOs (Garsten and Jacobsson 2007; see Ferguson and Gupta 2002, Moon 2002).